Guía de ejercicios con bandas para principiantes

Por Abby Lerner |

Descubra por qué cada adulto mayor debería tener esta herramienta de fitness. Plus, get tips for choosing a band and simple exercises to get started.

Exercise bands (a.k.a. resistance bands or fitness bands) are an amazing workout tool. They're inexpensive, portable, and incredibly versatile, but the real reason why fitness expert David Jack loves them so much is that they operate on a principle called "mitigated variability."

In other words, when you extend an exercise band in any movement pattern, it’s not a perfect line, it’s never the exact same amount of tension, and it’s pulling you in a slightly different direction every time you do a rep. So, even though it’s generally a safe way to train, it also keeps your muscles and brain engaged since you’re constantly making little adaptations to what the band is doing.

Another reason to love exercise bands: They're great for both standing and seated exercises so you can easily modify moves to fit your needs. For example, if standing biceps curls don't work for you, you can do them while sitting down in a chair. Or if you typically do seated exercises but are ready for a challenge, you can progress to standing up.

Ready to give it a try? Use the tips here to find a band, then try adding the exercises below to your weekly routine.

Como siempre, la clave es la seguridad. Los ejercicios aquí podrían ser distintos o más avanzados que los de que aplicará en una clase SilverSneakers. Si tiene alguna afección crónica, alguna lesión o problemas de equilibrio, consulte a su médico sobre cómo puede ejercitarse de manera segura.

Stretch your wellness routine with SilverSneakers! Classes and events are happening right now at participating gyms, online through SilverSneakers LIVE, and at community centers near you. Activate your free online account to get started.

Find Your Band

The first step is to get your hands on an exercise band. Most gyms offer a variety of sizes, strengths, and types, including tube bands with handles, loop bands (a.k.a. giant rubber bands), and therapy bands. All have their merits, but a fitness professional can help determine which one is best for you, depending on your fitness level and specific workout plan. If you're taking an exercise class, ask the instructor for guidance.

Working out at home? As always, it's best to start light so you can master good form first. As you get stronger, you can add resistance.

Here's a rule of thumb: The thicker the band, the greater the resistance. Think about:

  • Range of motion: Thinner or lighter bands work better for movements that require you to cover more distance (more than a foot). Thicker or heavier bands work better for smaller movements (less than a foot).
  • Muscle group: Thinner or lighter bands work better for smaller muscle groups (like your arms). Thicker or heavier bands work better for larger muscle groups (like your legs).

If you like using the exercise bands in SilverSneakers classes, you can find similar bands at the SilverSneakers Store.

Fitness Band Safety Tips

Resistance bands are excellent fitness tools for beginners, says Jack. To get the most out of each exercise, follow his tips:

  • Check your band or tubing for holes or signs of wear-and-tear. Don't use a band if it has a tear.
  • Make sure your band or tubing is secure underfoot, behind your back, or around an anchor point before beginning the exercise.
  • Maintain good form and posture throughout each exercise. You can do this by engaging your core (contract your muscles as if you're bracing for a gut punch) and slightly bending your knees.
  • Move through each exercise in a slow, controlled manner. This ensures you're getting the benefit of resistance when you pull on the band and when you return to the start of the exercise.

Good to know: You can adjust the resistance by moving your hands closer together (for more of a challenge) or farther apart (easier).

Exercise #1: Band Pull Apart

Good for: Upper back and shoulders
How to do it:

  1. Grab an exercise band in both hands.
  2. Stand tall with your feet hip-width apart and arms extended straight out in front of you, holding the band with both hands.
  3. Your hands should be far enough apart that the band is taut, but not stretched tight.
  4. From here, draw your shoulder blades together to pull your hands farther apart until your arms are straight out to your sides or as far as comfortable.
  5. Pause, then slowly reverse the movement to return to starting position. Esa es una repetición.
  6. Aim for 10 to 12 reps total.

Exercise #2: Seated Row

Good for: Upper-body and core strength
How to do it:

  1. Sit with your legs extended, and place the center of the band behind the soles of your feet. If you're using a long exercise band, you may need to loop it around your feet once or twice.
  2. Grab the ends of the band with both hands, arms extended and palms facing each other.
  3. Sitting nice and tall, bend at the elbows and pull the band toward your core, squeezing your shoulder blades together.
  4. Slowly return to starting position, and repeat for 10 to 12 reps.

Exercise #3: Band Side Step

Good for: Lower-body strength, balance
How to do it:

Suscríbase a nuestro boletín informativo
Es rápido y fácil: Usted podría estar entre las 13 millones de personas elegibles.
¿Ya es miembro? Haga clic para descubrir nuestros más de 15,000 centros participantes.

  1. Loop an exercise band either above your knees (least resistance), below your knees (medium resistance), or around your ankles (greatest resistance).
  2. Bend knees slightly with your feet hip-width apart.
  3. Step to the side until the band provides resistance, then slide your other foot over to re-create your original stance.
  4. Repeat this sidestepping movement for 10 to 15 feet in one direction (or as far as you can), and then cover the same distance in the other direction.

Too hard? Try band abductions in a chair. With the exercise band tied just below your knees, sit tall with feet about shoulder-width apart. Push your knees outward against the band, pause, and then release. Aim for 10 to 15 reps total.

Love these exercises and want more? Take a SilverSneakers Classic Class! This beginner-friendly class uses tubing (optional) to improve strength and endurance. It’s offered both in-person at participating fitness locations (check times with the gym) or online through SilverSneakers LIVE. View the schedule and RSVP here.  

Ejercicio #4: Concha

Good for: Strengthening hips and core
How to do it:

  1. Loop or tie an exercise band just above your knees and lie on one side with your legs stacked and knees bent at a 45-degree angle.
  2. Keeping your hips steady and your top foot down, lift only your top knee as high as you can.
  3. Lower your top knee back to the starting position.
  4. Repeat for eight reps, then switch sides.

Exercise #5: Side Leg Lift

Good for: Building strength around knee and hip joints
How to do it:

  1. Lie on your left side with an exercise band just above your ankles.
  2. Rest your head on your left arm, and place your right hand on the floor in front of your chest for balance. Your legs should be straight with your right leg on top of your left leg.
  3. Without moving any other part of your body, slowly raise your right leg as high as you can, pushing against the band’s resistance.
  4. Pause, then return to the starting position and repeat.
  5. Do eight to 12 reps, then switch legs.

Put it All Together: 15-Minute Resistance Band Workout

For a complete total-body workout using your band, press play to try 10 of David Jack's favorite fitness band exercises. For each exercise, aim to do 3 sets of 8 to 15 reps. Pause for 30 to 60 seconds between each exercise.

Activate Your FREE SilverSneakers Online Account

Get hundreds of free SilverSneakers On-Demand videos and stay in touch with us by creating your free online account. You don’t have to be a SilverSneakers member to get on-demand workout videos, health and fitness tips from SilverSneakers, and more.

SilverSneakers members can go to thousands of nationwide gyms and fitness locations, plus take SilverSneakers LIVE online classes led by specially trained instructors and designed for all fitness levels and abilities – at no additional cost. If you have a Medicare Advantage plan, it may include SilverSneakers. Check your eligibility here.

Already a member? Get your SilverSneakers member ID, search for locations near you, and all the health and wellness resources you need by logging in to your online member account here.